Thursday, June 30

Interpretation of "Xin": Read "Zhuang" essay

Keywords: "Zhuangzi" is also known as the "South Hua Jing", which is both a philosophical classic and a literary classic.

The book has a deep idea, beautiful writing, and eagerness.

It is a strange book that is intoxicated with countless ancients and today.

During the Wei and Jin dynasties, Lao Zhuang’s learning was all the rage, "the purpose of poems under the pillar (referring to Lao Tzu), Fu Nai lacquer garden (referring to Zhuangzi )’s righteousness." Ruan Ji, Kang Kang, Tao Qian and other celebrities are all enthusiastic "fans" of Laozhuang. Bai Juyi said in the poem: "We are wearing a Sterstory clothes and handle the South China article.

"(" Youwu Shi Temple ") Xin Qiji said in the word:" Digital books in the case, not old or village. "(" Emperor Emperor · Reading Zhuangzi ") Su Dongpo said very emotionally after reading" Zhuangzi ":" I used to see it in the middle, I couldn’t speak, and I saw "Zhuangzi" today, and I got my heart! " "(Biography of Song Shi Su Shi") Lu Xun and Zhuangzi, the two are very different in thought and personality, but strange, Lu Xun admits that he was deeply influenced by Zhuangzi. The signboard is Zhuang Sheng’s private disciple. "(" South Casculant Collection · "Analects One Year" ") shows how the charm of" Zhuangzi "is. However, although the book" Zhuangzi "is good -looking, it is a bit difficult because there are many Chinese characters in the book.

During the reading process, the "blockbuster" is often coming out of the text cluster, which makes people not move forward. Dai Houying, the late female writer who has a lot of fate, wrote a wonderful article entitled "I read" Zhuangzi "(" Shu Lin ", No. 4, 1985).

She said humblely in the text: "I am not a researcher in Zhuangzi.

Moreover, I have to admit that there are still many words I do n’t know in that book so far. "Indeed, there are many obstacles in the book" Zhuangzi ", and" Blocking "often appears.

I recently read "Zhuangzi" and also encountered a "letter" in "The Pirate".

There is a very shocking saying in "Zhuangzi · Pirates": shameless people are rich, and those who believe in many believers. The big fame and fortune are shameless and believe. A rough look, it means to be able to understand -opposition is rich and unintentional, and oppose power, but if you study it carefully, you can find that "many believers" and "shameless and faith" are difficult to explain. The key is how to understand the word "letter". "Said the Words": "Faith, sincerity." If the "letter" here is interpreted as the meaning of "integrity", it violates the text and blocks difficulty. In order to solve this problem, all the people say , Attracted "a hundred schools of contention."

At the beginning of the Tang Dynasty, there was a well -known Taoist priest named Cheng Xuanying.

He is an outstanding Zhuang Xue expert.

He said in "Zhuang Zishu": "Believe in more, still say more. If you know how to do it, you are poor, and shamelessly greedy; Researchers from Zhuang Xue also explained their opinions to the word "Xin": Zhong Tai said: "This’ letter ‘" reads such as "stretching’, more extended, unwilling to be aggressive, and forge ahead." ("Zhuangzi Zhuangzi ") Li Mian believes that" Xin "is a mistake of" pseudo ".

("Zhuangzi General Theory and Delica Comment") Ma Xulun believes that "more" is the word "lost" or the word "no", and the following is "shameless and faith", or "shameless and losing trust". ("Zhuangzi Yizhi") Cao Keji interpreted the "multi -faithful" as "the people who are good at exaggerating more trust".

("Zhuang Zi Qian Note") Fang Yong translated this: "Shameless people are rich, and more honest people are obvious. Those famous in Italy has been obtained by deceiving trust with shameless behaviors.

"(" Chinese classic masterpieces, full notes, all translations of all translations, Zhuangzi ") Chen Guye is translated into this:" Shameless people are rich, and the exaggerated people show it.

The biggest fame and fortune comes from shameless exaggeration. "(" Zhuangzi Jinzhi Jin ") The Liuhe River is translated as:" The shameless fortune will be famous for bragging.

The rich is so red, red and purple, you go to investigate. Nine are the most shameless bragging kings.

"(" Zhuangzi Modern Version ") These insights are all the results of repeated and thoughtfulness of scholars. They are inspiring and can be referred to.

However, I think that if you consider the original text, the word "letter" here should not be interpreted as "sincerity", "words", "stretching", "pseudo", "boasting", "bragging". The word "more" in front of the word "letter" is determined to be the word "lost" or "no" to accommodate the "integrity" meaning of "faith".

My opinion is: I should read the "letter" here as "佞".

"佞" is a derogatory term, which means that it is talented, but it is critical. "Said the Word": "Well, Qiaoyu Gao Material also.

From women, believe in the province. "" 声 "is a phonetic word," female "is a formal symbol, and" letter "is the soundtrack.

"Said the Word" puts "放" in the women’s department, and some of the current dictionaries, such as "Ci Hai", "Ci" and "Chinese Dictionary", in order to follow the custom, "佞" is merged into the human department.

The "Xin" ancient sound is really true, and the ancient sound mud is cut.

The words and glyphs of the two characters are similar. The word "letter" here can be regarded as "佞", or it can also be regarded as the shape of "佞". The so -called "fake" and "shape" is a commonly used term in training.

"Tongfu" refers to instead of the words with the same or near -tone, including the same sound fake, double -sounding fake, stacked rhyme. "Form" refers to the error that occurs due to similar glyphs when copying and copying. Let’s take another evidence below to prove that the "letter" may be the "佞" pseudo -false or shape. "The Interpretation of the Spring and Autumn Legend of the Spring and Autumn" scholar Li Fulun: "Thirteen years of the fixed thirteen years: Han does not believe, Zhao Shi’s family is Han Buluan." South Korea, Zhao, and Wei are divided into Jin. He is the ancestor of the Korean monarch. With such an important person, "Historical Records of Zhao Shijia" changed his name to "Han Bohuan".

Sima Qian, the author of "Historical Records", must be positive based on the literature in the National Archives.

The correct name should be "Han Boxi", not "Han Box".再从起名字的习俗看——有些古人的名字很有趣,如,申不害(战国时韩相),吕不韦(秦相,韦,古违字,《说文解字》:“韦,相Back.

"), Suspicious (the history of Qingzhou in the Western Han Dynasty, the Emperor Zhaoyin was the time of Zhaoyin), Wei Wuji (Xinling Jun in the Warring States Period), Changsun Wuji (Tang Xiang), Huo Qubing (Western Han famous), Xin Qiji (Southern Song writer) Han Bun’s name also belongs to this.

People must choose some auspicious words for their names. , Negative.

The ancients believed that such a name was more auspicious, and its function of warding evil spirits was more powerful. It can also be seen that Sima Qian changed the "Han Boxi" to "Han Boxi" in "Historical Records", which not only has the basis of the document files, but also in line with the custom of the ancients. Since there is a relationship between fake or shape between "Xinxin" and "之", the two "faith" in "The Stolen" is read as "佞", which fits the original intention of the article, which is relatively concise and smooth to understand Essence If the above demonstration can be established, then the "Shameless Those Rich, Different Trusted ones. Those who believe in fame and fortune are shameless and believe", and they should be read as "shameless and rich. Essence

The big fame and fortune are shameless and stunned.

"This paragraph can be translated as: shameless people, who are good at raped and charming people. People who occupy the most fame and fortune are almost among the shameless and charming people. I interpret the" letter "here as" Whether it is appropriate, please ask Fang Jia to teach.